The love for Chicken Curry, Chicken Tikka, Omelette and MatarPaneer, Lassi, etc. for non-vegetarians andvegetariansrespectively, is something we are well aware of. There are thousands of other delicacies made out of animal products that we know. What we do not try to know in depth,is the story behind their procurement. Poultry and Cattle farming are great contributors to livestock farming. They are processed and manufactured in poultry & cattle feed plants or mills.
The feed industry in India is very big.The raw materials for animal feed production are available here in plenty. The increase in per capita consumption of broiler meat, eggs, dairy products are growing day by day in our country. To meet the demand, the production and supply of feed for reared animals is also in an increasing phase.
Let us look into this topic, in a bit detailed way, through the following points:
: Poultry animals consist of domesticated fowls raised for meat and eggs. They generally consist of chicken, goose, ducks, turkey and quail. However, in the Indian context the poultry farming is mainly limited to chicken and the techniques adopted in their relation are quite advanced than other forms of rearing.
The cattle farming, on the other hand, mainly includes breeding of cows and buffaloes as livestock for meat, dairy products, manure, leather, etc. This is a very large sector owing to our large population of dairy cattle in the world. Quite evidently, the dairy industry of India is one of the largest in the world too.
When it comes to ingredients and feed, we have substantial sources and do not depend on imports much. The self- sufficiency is largely because of India being an agrarian nation. Cereals like millets are mostly used in animal feeds. Even cash crop products like those of sunflowers, rapeseed, sesame seeds, and cotton are also used in form of meals for bred animals. Apart from these, the meat and bone-based animal feed, as well as, supplements are also used.
The poultry and cattle feed plants receive the ingredients for feed production andÂ transferred to the Cleaning section through intake hoppers. The unwanted particles are removed in the cleaning process and then passed through conveyors to the Grinding section to be broken to suitable sizes. The next in line, is the Batching and Mixing section which involves the important process of proportionate mixing of essential material. Then comes the Pelleting (solidifying powders) of conditioned material. After that the materials pass through Cooling, Crumbling, Screening, Weighing and Bagging sections. Post completion of these complex set of processes, the feed gets ready for use in livestock farms.
The quality products of broilers and cattle that the non-vegetarian sections dig into, with great pleasure, are derived mainly because of this feed. These are the things that the fowls and cows owe their health to, which are transferred to the consumers eventually.